Cavities in Teeth, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Cavities in Teeth, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is Cavities in Teeth

Cavities, also known as dental caries, are small holes or openings that develop on the hard surface of your teeth.  When you eat or drink, bacteria in your mouth produce acids that can attack the enamel, the outer layer of your teeth, leading to decay and the formation of cavities.

If left untreated, cavities can grow larger and deeper, eventually causing pain, infection, and even tooth loss.

To prevent cavities, it’s important to brush your teeth regularly with fluoride toothpaste, floss daily, limit sugary snacks and drinks, and visit your dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings.

Cavities in Teeth, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Symptoms of Cavities in Teeth

Symptoms of cavities in teeth can vary depending on their severity, but common signs include

  • Toothache, especially when eating sweet, hot, or cold foods
  • Visible holes or pits in the teeth
  • Sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods and drinks
  • Staining on the surface of the teeth, which may appear as brown, black, or white spots
  • Persistent bad breath or an unpleasant taste in the mouth.

If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult a dentist immediately for an appropriate treatment to prevent further decay and preserve your oral health.

Causes of Cavities in Teeth

Cavities in teeth are primarily caused by a combination of factors, including

  • Bacteria in the mouth
  • Sugary foods and drinks
  • Poor dental hygiene.

When you eat or drink foods high in sugar, like candy, soda, or sweets, bacteria in your mouth feed on the sugars and produce acids as a byproduct.

Treatment of Cavities in Teeth

Dentists treat cavities by removing the decayed part of the tooth and filling the hole with a special material to restore the tooth’s shape and function.

This process helps prevent further damage and pain. Regular dental check-ups can help catch cavities early.

Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings. Take your medicines on time and brush your teeth as prescribed by the doctor.

Dr. Shubham Agrawal

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