What is Noma Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is Noma Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is Noma Disease?

Noma disease, also known as cancrum oris, is a severe bacterial infection that primarily affects the face. It typically occurs in children living in poverty and with poor hygiene conditions.

Noma starts as a gum infection and rapidly spreads, causing tissue destruction in the face, particularly around the mouth and nose.

Prevention steps focus on improving access to healthcare, promoting good hygiene practices, and addressing the underlying factors contributing to poverty and malnutrition.

What is Noma Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Symptoms of Noma Disease

Symptoms usually start with ulcers in the mouth, followed by rapid tissue destruction, causing disfigurement. The affected area may develop a foul odor due to tissue decay, and the cheeks or lips might swell.

As the disease progresses, it can lead to severe facial disfigurement, including the loss of tissue around the mouth and nose. If left untreated, Noma can be fatal due to secondary infections or malnutrition.

Early signs include mouth sores, swelling, and bad breath. Seeking medical attention promptly is crucial for diagnosis and treatment to prevent further complications and improve the chances of recovery.

Causes of Noma Disease

  • Noma disease is mainly caused by a combination of factors such as malnutrition, poor hygiene, and weakened immune systems.
  • Poor oral hygiene, such as not brushing teeth regularly or having untreated dental issues, can also contribute to the development of Noma by allowing harmful bacteria to thrive in the mouth.
  • Factors like viral infections and overcrowded living conditions may further increase the risk.

If you are facing any problem mentioned above then immediately consult a doctor for proper treatment.

Treatment of Noma Disease

Treatment of Noma disease involves a combination of medical and surgical interventions. Doctors may prescribe medicines for infections and prevent them from spreading.

In severe cases where tissue loss has occurred, surgical procedures may be necessary to reconstruct the affected areas of the face. Early intervention is crucial to prevent further tissue damage and improve the chances of successful treatment and recovery.

Dr. Shubham Agrawal

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