What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & More

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & More

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease is a common condition that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth. It happens when plaque isn’t removed through daily brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist. As the disease progresses, the gums may become swollen, red, and bleed easily.

In its advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene can help prevent periodontal disease.

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & More

Symptoms of Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease can cause several symptoms.

  • One common sign is gums that are swollen, red, or tender. They might also bleed when you brush your teeth.
  • You might notice that your gums are pulling away from your teeth, making your teeth look longer or your gums look lower.
  • Another symptom is bad breath that won’t go away, even with brushing or using mouthwash.
  • Your teeth might start to feel loose, or you might notice a change in how your teeth fit together when you bite.
  • If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s essential to get treatment to prevent the disease from getting worse.

Causes of Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease is mainly caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth. The bacteria in plaque and tartar produce toxins that irritate the gums, leading to inflammation.

Other factors can increase the risk of developing gum disease, including smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, medications that reduce saliva flow, and genetic predisposition. It’s important to practice good oral hygiene and see your dentist regularly to prevent gum disease.

Treatment of Periodontal (Gum) Disease

For early stages, your dentist may recommend a deep cleaning called scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar from below the gum line.

They may also advise improving your oral hygiene routine at home. Your dentist might also prescribe some medicines to help control infection.

Once you’ve been treated for gum disease, it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene habits and see your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings. This can help prevent the disease from coming back and keep your gums healthy.

Dr. Shubham Agrawal

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